If the atmospheric pressure of Oxygen is high, Oxygen will not readily bind with hemoglobin in red blood cells, the content of dissolved Oxygen will be increased, transport across capillary walls will efficient, free movement into the smallest areas of the circulatory system will become easier, and cellular activity will also be increased
Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment (HBOT) involves breathing pure oxygen at higher than atmospheric pressures in an enclosed chamber. This process causes oxygen to be absorbed by all body fluids and by all body cells and tissues, even those with blocked or reduced blood flow. This increased flow of oxygen stimulates and restores function to damaged cells and organs, including those of the liver and brain.
The air we normally breathe contains 21% oxygen, 78% nitrogen, with the remaining 1% being contributed by the noble gases and carbon dioxide. The concentration of these gases is determined by the atmospheric pressure which is determined by the weather and is reduced at altitude. Unfortunately the variations in this pressure are ignored in general medical practice. Atmospheric pressure is accorded the unit 1 to represent atmospheric pressure absolute (1 ata) and this unit is divided according to the percentages of the gases in air to give their ‘partial pressures’ that is the part of the total pressure each gas is responsible for – oxygen therefore being 0.21 ata (21% of 1) and nitrogen 0.78 ata (78% of 1).
A hyperbaric chamber is needed to allow the pressure around the body to be increased. The technology is very well established, in fact all commercial aircraft are hyperbaric chambers equipped with oxygen breathing systems.
In Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy, purified Oxygen is inhaled under high atmospheric conditions, increasing Oxygen concentration within the body, and alleviating effects of Oxygen deficiency.
Direct pressure to Oxygen Molecules
Normally, only the red blood cells are capable of transporting Oxygen throughout the body, Therefore the body cannot take Oxygen more than the volume of hemoglobin. In HBOT more Oxygen dissolves in all body fluids according to Boyle’s law. This extra Oxygen dissolved in the body fluids results in the delivery of the Oxygen even to the areas where red blood cells are unable to reach
- Greatly increases Oxygen concentration in all body tissues, even with reduced or blocked blood flow.
- Stimulates the growth of new blood vessels to locations with reduced circulation, improving blood flow to areas with arterial blockage.
- Stimulates with an adaptive increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), on of the body’s principal, internally produced antioxidants and free radical scavengers.
- Aids in the treatment of infection by enhancing white blood cell action and potentiating germ-killing antibiotics.